Exploring poetry

Home learning focus

To revise how to write a poem and create one of your own.

This lesson includes:

  • one video explaining how to write a poem

  • three activities


There are lots of different types of poetry, but they often contain similar ingredients.

Watch this short clip to learn about what to include when you write a poem.

Find out about the key ingredients to include in a poem.

All poems are made up of words. Poems can tell a story or be about a thought or a feeling. They can be serious or silly, but they always have to use words.

Poems often have a rhythm, which is like a beat in music. The rhythm is quick or slow depending on the words the poet chooses.

Poems can use rhyme, which means that certain words have similar end sounds.

For example: ‘Break’ and ‘lake’ ; ‘cat’ and ‘mat’ ; ‘loud’ and ‘proud’ .

Poems can also use alliteration, which is when more than one word starts with the same first letter or sound.

For example: The slimy, sneaky snake slithered silently.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1

Complete the ‘How to write a poem’ quiz. Can you get all four right?

Activity 2

Complete this 'Villainous Verses' activity sheet. (A verse is like a paragraph in a poem.)

You need to read the poem 'Baa Baa Naughty Sheep' and answer the questions that follow.

Either print out the sheet or write your answers on a piece of paper.

Villainous Verses activity sheet

Activity 3

Now have a go at creating your own Villainous Verse poem!

Use the writing frame to help you make your poem rhyme, then challenge yourself to write another verse independently.

Create your own Villainous Verse activity sheet

Where next?

In this lesson you have revised how to write a poem an created a poem of your own.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you understand and create poetry.

There's more to learn

More lessons for Year 4 and P5
More from KS2 English
KS2 English
Bitesize games
Poetry for the classroom
Write a poem about something you love