Expand and simplify brackets

Home learning focus

You will learn how to multiply and expand algebraic expressions in brackets.

This lesson includes:

  • one example slideshow
  • three videos
  • one downloadable activity


How does simplifying brackets work?

When simplifying algebraic expressions with brackets, you must expand or multiply out the brackets.

This means you have to make sure that everything inside the bracket is multiplied by the term (or number) outside the bracket.

Work through the following slideshow to see how 2 (3x+4) is simplified.

2 (3x + 4) = ...
1 of 3

Watch the following three videos from Pearson for more examples of how to expand single brackets and multiply out brackets in algebra.

from Pearson
from Pearson
fron Pearson

For more information and other methods you can use, check out the multiplying brackets page in the Bitesize Algebraic terms revision guide.


Activity 1

Expressions and brackets

Download the activity below from Pearson . You can print it out, or use a pen and paper to answer the questions.

Expressions and brackets

Finished? You can check how you did by downloading the answer sheet.

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