Exploring synonyms and antonyms

Learning focus

Explore how to use synonyms and antonyms to add interest to your writing.

This lesson includes:

  • three videos

  • two activities


Synonyms are words with the same or similar meanings. Antonyms are words with opposite meanings.

Watch this clip to learn more about synonyms and antonyms.

Using synonyms and antonyms effectively.

Why are antonyms and synonyms useful?

Antonyms and synonyms are especially useful for story writing (narrative) as they help you to:

  • Describe and explain in a way that creates a clear image in the reader’s mind
  • Avoid repetition so your writing doesn’t become boring


Two words are synonyms if their meanings are the same or similar.

Words such as:

  • rapid OR fast
  • road OR motorway
  • travel OR move


Two words are antonyms if their meanings are opposite.

Words such as:

  • fast OR slow
  • carefully OR carelessly

Watch this video clip to understand what synonyms and antonyms are in more detail.

Learn about antonyms and synonyms.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1

Decide if the words are antonyms or synonyms and fill in the gaps.

Activity 2

Try the fun activity below to explore antonyms and synonyms further!

Synonyms and antonyms

Where next?

In this lesson you have explored how to use antonyms and synonyms to add interest to your writing.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you to understand more about creative writing:

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