What plants need to live

Home learning focus

Explore the requirements of plants for life and growth.

This lesson includes:

  • three videos showing the basic needs of plants to live
  • two activities to reinforce learning


In this short animation learn what plants need to live.

Plant growth

Plants need air, light, warmth, water and nutrients to be healthy.

If they are healthy, they can continue making their own food through photosynthesis.

Most healthy plants are upright with green leaves.

  • Plants get the light and warmth they need from the sun, their leaves turn it into food
  • They breathe in the air
  • They need the right amount of water, from rain or a watering can
  • Plants get their nutrients from the soil, from their roots up to the stem

Watch this short film to find out more about how plants develop and survive.

The film looks at and explains the different parts of the plant, including the stem, trunk, leaves, flowers and root.

It describes how they are all vital to keeping a plant healthy.

Find out more at Ivy's plant shop

Taking care of plants

Watch this short film to see what you should, and shouldn't do to keep plants healthy.

The film shows what causes various ailments in plants, and under what conditions they thrive.

Plant shop owner Ivy learns about the fundamental needs of plants.

What do plants need to survive?


There are lots of fun ways to try out your science skills:

Activity 1

Fill in the gaps

Have a go at filling in the gaps in this activity about plants:

Activity 2

Try this activity from Pearson. You'll need a pen and paper to complete the activity.

Poorly plants activity

There's more to learn

Have a look at these other resources around the BBC and the web.

Bitesize Daily lessons
KS2 Science
7-11 Science