Using subordinating conjunctions
To add extra information to a sentence using subordinating conjunctions.
This lesson includes:
two videos to help you understand subordinating conjunctions and how to use them
A conjunction is a word, or words, used to connect two clauses (parts of a sentence) together.
Watch this fun Super Movers video to remind yourself about all the different types of conjunctions and when they are used.
Laura sings about conjunctions like 'because', 'if', 'while' and 'until'. These are called subordinating conjunctions because they link a main clause and a subordinate clause together in a sentence.
Subordinating conjunctions help to add the extra information that tells us when, why or where something happens.
For example: Laura smiled because dancing was fun!
'Laura smiled' is the main clause. It makes sense all on its own.
'Because dancing was fun' is the subordinate clause. It adds additional information to the main clause and wouldn't make sense on its own.
'Because' is the subordinating conjunction. It helps to add the extra information to explain why Laura was smiling.
Watch the following clip to learn more about how subordinating conjunctions work.
Let's look at another example.
I found it hard to get out of bed this morning as I had a very late night.
'I found it hard to get out of bed this morning' is the main clause. It makes sense on its own.
'As I had a very late night' is the subordinate clause. It adds information to the main clause and needs the main clause to make sense.
'As' is the subordinating conjunction. It helps to add the information to explain why it was so hard to get out of bed.
Subordinating conjunctions can also go at the start of sentences. When this happens, the whole subordinate clause moves too and is followed by a comma. For example:
After she ate her ice-cream, Claudia got tummy ache.
‘After’ is the subordinating conjunction. It helps to add the information to explain when Claudia had tummy ache.
‘After she ate her ice-cream’ is the subordinate clause.
‘Claudia got tummy ache’ is the main clause.
You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.
Highlight the subordinating conjunction in each sentence.
Copy and complete these sentences. This time, start each sentence with a subordinating conjunction and follow it with a subordinate clause.
For example: Because he had fallen over, the boy was crying.
Read the main clause first because the rest of your sentence needs to link to it.
You could use some of these subordinating conjunctions.
if, since, as, when, although, while, after, before, until, because
|Subordinating conjunction||Subordinate clause||Main clause|
|, the dog barked loudly.|
|, I was eager to wake up today.|
|, Sarah received a certificate.|
|, I gulped down the whole cup of water.|
|, the children played football.|
Finally, write two complete sentences of your own that start with a subordinating conjunction.
For example: Although it was raining, the scenery was beautiful.