Natural resources

What are natural resources?

Natural resources are materials or substances that are produced by the environment. Humans use natural resources to survive. They can be used to heat our homes, transport us around the world, feed us and clothe us.

Natural resources in the UK

The UK has a lot of natural resources, including fossil fuels for energy, crops for food, and livestock for food as well as clothes.

Resources related to farming are called agricultural resources, these include:

  • crops which produce wheat and barley
  • livestock such as cows, pigs and chickens which produce dairy, eggs and meat
  • sheep which produce wool and leather

Resources found underground are called geological resources, these include:

  • minerals like china clay
  • metals like tin
  • fossil fuels like gas and oil
A gas platform pumping up natural gas from below the ocean. We use gas for cooking and powering some vehicles.

A gas platform pumping up natural gas from below the ocean. We use gas for cooking and powering some vehicles.

1 of 6

Where next?

Fossil fuels and renewable energy
Sustainability and plastics
Bitesize Primary KS2
Explore the world with Sue Venir
collection

Sustainability, there's more to learn...