Weather and climate
Home learning focus
Learn about the weather and climate in the UK and around the world including an introduction to climate zones and climate change.
This lesson includes:
one animation about weather and climate
one short film about the difference between weather and climate and an introduction to climate zones
three activities to build on the knowledge
Sue Venir is on her summer holidays in Scotland, and it's raining!
Watch this animation to find out about the weather and climate in the UK and around the world.
What is weather?
Weather is a description of what the conditions are like in a particular place. For example, it could be:
- hot or cold
- wet or dry
- windy or calm
- stormy, with thunder and lightning
What is climate?
Climate is a description of the average weather conditions in a certain place for the past 30 or so years.
Different areas of the world have different climates.
Climate is influenced by lots of different things, including:
- how near or far it is from the Equator
- how near or far it is from the sea
- how high or low the ground is
- its position on a continent
There are several different climate zones around the world. These are large areas that have similar climates.
In the UK, we have a temperate climate which means we have four distinct seasons with cool winters and warm summers. Other climate zones are very different to ours.
Watch this short film to find out more.
The climate across the world has changed naturally over thousands and millions of years. In the past, the UK has experienced both freezing ice ages and warm tropical climates.
Today however, more carbon dioxide has entered the Earth’s atmosphere, this is for a number of reasons including the burning of fossil fuels to power homes, factories and vehicles, the cutting down of trees (which normally absorb carbon dioxide), the release of methane from landfill tips and the release of nitrogen oxide and methane through certain types of farming.
Carbon dioxide acts like a greenhouse.
It lets the sun’s rays through to heat up everything inside the atmosphere, but stops the heat from escaping.
This is making our planet warm faster than it naturally would and is causing world climates to change.
There are lots of fun things to do to help you remember what you've learnt about weather and climate.
Here are a few you could try.
How much have you learnt about weather and climate?
Have a go at this four question multiple choice quiz to find out.
Climate change word search
For this activity you will need a pencil or pen.
Have a go at finding the words in this word search from Twinkl.
Download the activity sheet below. How many of the words listed can you find? If there are words you don't know you can use a search engine to find out more.
There's more to learn
Have a look at these other resources around the BBC and the web.