Rhyming in poetry

Home learning focus

To understand rhyme and rhyme schemes.

This lesson includes:

  • one video about rhyme

  • one video about rhyme schemes

  • three activities


You’ll probably know a bit about rhyme already as it is often used in poetry.

Refresh your memory with this short, fun clip.

You can sing and dance along with CBBC's Radzi Chinyanganya if you like!

Radzi explains what rhyme is.


Words that rhyme have the same end sound.

Sometimes they have the same ending letters which helps us know they rhyme.

  • For example: cat and mat, loud and proud, dress and mess

Sometimes they have different ending letters, but are still rhyming words as they make the same sound.

  • For example: cheese and peas, fly and eye, whale and snail

You can write rhyming poems by using pairs or groups of words that use the same sounds.

This is called a rhyme scheme.

Watch the following clip to learn how rhyme schemes work and to see an example.

See how an A B A B rhyme scheme works.

You can work out the rhyme scheme of a poem by labelling the words that rhyme with each other. This will help you see the pattern of the poem.

For example:

  • If a poem's first and third lines rhyme you should label those A.

  • If the second and fourth lines of the poem rhyme, label these B.

  • Then you can see your four line poem has an A B A B rhyme scheme.

If all four lines rhyme with each other, this would be an A A A A rhyme scheme.

You could also have an A A B B rhyme scheme, or A B B A. There are lots of possibilities!


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1

Complete this activity by filling in the boxes to make an A B A B rhyme scheme.

Activity 2

Complete the ‘Rhyme’ activity sheet. You need to read the poems and information carefully, then answer the questions on the following sheet.

Either print out the activity sheet or write your answers on a separate piece of paper.

Rhyme activity sheet

Activity 3

You’re now going to have a go at writing your own poem using an A A B B rhyme scheme.

It will be based on an animal – like the poem about Bertie the frog or the eagle in Activity 2.

First choose your animal and think about what they are like.

  • What colour is your animal?
  • What do they eat?
  • How do they act?
  • What noises do they make?

Then, write your poem. It should be four lines long and follow the A A B B rhyme scheme.

Challenge yourself: If you’re really enjoying it, you could carry on and write another four lines using the same rhyme scheme.

Top tip!

If you’re struggling to think of an animal, choose one from the images below.

Where next?

In this lesson you have learnt about rhyme and rhyme schemes.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you understand poetry.

There's more to learn

More lessons for Year 3 and P4
More from KS2 English
KS2 English
Bitesize games
Rhyme time
Rhyming words