No evidence that BBC entertainment, news and online 'crowd out' competitors - independent report

Date: 21.10.2015     Last updated: 13.11.2015 at 15.44

Independent research published by the BBC Trust today has found no clear evidence that BBC entertainment programmes, news programmes or online ‘crowd out’ local newspapers or commercial broadcasters:

Technical Annex B: Market Impact, PDF (4.6MB)

The analysis, conducted by KPMG for the BBC Trust, looked at the impact of BBC online on local newspapers, and the impact of BBC TV on news and entertainment programmes from commercial broadcasters.  

The report was commissioned by the Trust in response to questions asked by the Government in its Green Paper on the BBC’s Charter Review, about the BBC’s wider impact on the market, and whether it crowds out the commercial sector.

In its overview of the KPMG findings, the Trust has highlighted the importance of continued vigilance and regulation in this area, to guard against any future negative market impacts.

Key findings from KPMG’s work include:

  • There was no evidence that the BBC’s increased online presence had been behind the long-term decline in local newspapers’ circulation or revenues, which may be due to limited overlap between the type of local news services provided on the BBC News website and local newspapers.  The evidence suggests that the general growth in Internet penetration and usage have had a statistically more significant impact on local newspaper performance than BBC online activity. 
  • In entertainment, there was no firm evidence from the data analysed linking patterns of increasing or decreasing consumption of entertainment programmes from commercial broadcasters with the BBC’s activity.  By 2014, commercial broadcasters provided fourteen times more entertainment content than the BBC, and viewing hours were 168% higher for commercial entertainment programmes than BBC programmes. 
  • There was no firm evidence from the data analysed that BBC news negatively affected commercial news in terms of viewer hours, with consumption of BBC news flat or declining in recent years and commercial broadcast news declining.
  • There was no clear evidence to suggest that the BBC’s activities have damaged the revenues of commercial broadcasters from the data analysed; BBC spend on television has been decreasing since 2004, while commercial TV revenues have significantly increased by 65% in real terms since 1999, largely driven by subscription revenue.
  • BBC Trust Chairman Rona Fairhead said:

"The BBC operates in a vibrant market, not a vacuum, and this report finds that the current BBC does not freeze out commercial investment simply by existing. However, the Trust is also clear that, as a public service broadcaster with £3.7bn of public money, the BBC's effect on the market must continue to be carefully regulated to ensure a high quality range of media is maintained."

The Trust has also published a report from KPMG on the role of the BBC in supporting economic growth, which specifically looks at the economic contribution from the BBC’s presence in the north-west of England, largely through its Salford base; the contribution of the BBC’s presence in the online market; and the BBC’s contribution to the music industry economy. 

The reports published today informed the Trust’s formal submission to the Government on Charter Review, published on 8 October, and are also being submitted to the Government. 

Notes to Editors

  1. The Trust published its formal response to the Government’s Green Paper consultation on Charter Review on 8 October.
  2. The Trust is currently conducting itssecond public consultation as part of its Charter Review work, seeking views on proposals for the future of the BBC set out by the Director General.  The consultation is open until 5 November. 
  3. As part of its Green Paper consultation on Charter Review (, the Government asked:

'Is the expansion of the BBC’s services justified in the context of increased choice for audiences? Is the BBC crowding out commercial competition and, if so, is this justified?' and 'Where does the evidence suggest the BBC has a positive or negative wider impact on the market'.