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Kashmir - References to the two parts of Kashmir should preferably be in the form of Indian-administered Kashmir and Pakistan-administered Kashmir...

Kashmir

References to the two parts of Kashmir should preferably be in the form of Indian-administered Kashmir and Pakistan-administered Kashmir. An acceptable alternative is Indian-controlled or Pakistan-controlled. Indian Kashmir or Pakistan Kashmir is less good and is resented in Kashmir. Do not on any account use the words "held" or "occupied".

The de facto border is known as the Line of Control - may be abbreviated at second reference to LoC.

Adjective Kashmiri (but the wool is, of course, cashmere).

Kathmandu

(capital of Nepal) ie with an "h" after the "t".

kick-off/kick off

As a noun, needs a hyphen (eg: The kick-off was delayed). The verb is two separate words (eg: The match will kick off an hour late).

Kiev

is our preference for the capital of Ukraine and not Kyiv or other variations.

Kings/kings

We use Roman numerals with names (eg: Henry VIII, Charles II). Only our own monarch retains the initial cap in all circumstances (eg: The King is planning an official visit to Australia). Other monarchs are capitalised only when the name is used (eg: King Albert of Belgium - but the king).

King’s College, Cambridge

ie apostrophe before the "s".

King’s Cross, London

Again, the apostrophe before the "s".

Knesset

(the Israeli parliament; sits in Jerusalem) ie initial cap.

knot

In the context of shipping, this is a unit of speed equivalent to 1.85km per hour. It is nonsensical to write about "knots per hour".

Koran

is our spelling of the Islamic sacred book - not Quran or Qur’an.

Kosovo

is a territory whose status is in dispute. It unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in February 2008, but its secession is rejected by Serbia. More than 100 nations have recognised Kosovo as independent, but the UN and many other nations are withholding recognition. We should therefore not refer to it either as an independent country or as a province of Serbia, but explain its disputed status.

Its people are Kosovans. The adjective is Kosovan (not "Kosovar").

Refer to Albanians from Kosovo as Kosovo Albanians.

kufr

(Islamic concept of unbelief, of being outside Islam.) An unbeliever is a kafir. The plural is kuffar, but kafirs is acceptable in a direct quote. 

Ku Klux Klan

ie initial caps, no hyphens. May be abbreviated to KKK at second reference.

 

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