However, the second half of the 19th century brought a surge in pseudo-scientific writing on race in Europe, most of it dedicated to proving that most races were inferior to white Europeans. Some of the British ruling elite was very taken with these ideas.
Cecil Rhodes, the Prime Minister of the Cape Colony, and mining millionaire, was one, writing to his friend W.T. Stead:
"I contend that we are the first race in the world, and that the more of the world we inhabit the better it is for the human race."
A hydra-headed monster
In 1936, an essay competition was set by the Gold Coast Times with the title: 'How can Youth Develop Cooperation and Harmonious Relations Among the Races of the Earth?'. The competition was won by a young South African, Wycliffe Mlungisi Ttotsi of the Blythwood Institution, Butterworth, South Africa.
"...there has appeared of late years a veritable Gorgon, a hydra-headed monster which threatens humanity with utter destruction. Racialism, while it contains all the evils of nationalism, has none of its redeeming features...
As I write, the South African Government is in turmoil regarding the advisability of retaining or abrogating the native vote. Owing to the fear of the 'Black Menace' an unnecessary conflict has been created between the principles of democracy and trusteeship?
Youth, strike now! Undaunted by the threatening bombshells of blood thirsty governments, go forth about your business which is no less than to create a new humanity."
Much segregation centred on Europeans building residential areas separate from the local people; health was a common reason given for this. It resulted in Europeans being detached and lacking in information about the views and needs of the community.
In Sierra Leone, Europeans lived high up above Freetown on the Hill Station. In Kenya, Europeans were fond of living in the Kenyan Highlands. The barriers between Africans and Europeans tended to increase when women started accompanying their husbands to Africa. Segregation occurred in clubs, bars, churches and hotels, although there were no obvious signs forbidding Africans to enter or be served.
Segregation in Lagos
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