Back to Amazon index  
Amazon by Country


  • Amazon surface area: 714,000 km²
  • Estimated deforestation per year: 2,700 km²
  • Population: 9.5 million (UN, 2007)
  • Forest cover: 65%

Landlocked Bolivia is the highest and most isolated country in South America. The country also has the second-largest reserves of natural gas in South America, and along with Peru and Colombia is a large cultivator of coca.

In the past decade Bolivia has become a world leader in promoting sustainable forest management by labelling wood that has been harvested from a well-managed forest.

In the 1990s however, Bolivia registered high deforestation rates after the government granted some 20 million hectares to timber companies. Large areas of forest were also cleared for soybean and coca cultivation.

(Sources: Conservation International, FAO,, Oxford University Environmental Change Institute, UN, WWF)
^^ Back to top Back to Introduction >>