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Staging events and reconstructions
It is not always possible to record all events exactly as they happen. However, viewers should never be misled by what they see or hear in a programme, and the use of shooting and editing techniques should not distort or misrepresent events.
You must ensure that:
- action which is significant to the development of the story is not staged or re-staged without clearly signalling this to the audience
- contributors are not asked to re-enact significant events, without this being made clear in the programme.
A reconstruction is an event explicitly re-staged for the camera or microphone, and where the programme team was not present when the event originally occurred.
Reconstructions should be clearly identified so that no one is misled.
When a programme invents a realistic scene based on real cases, but which is not a reconstruction of any one case, this must be made clear.
News programmes should not normally stage reconstructions of current events, as the risk of confusing the viewer is too high.
But news programmes may report reconstructions staged by others (for example the police, when investigating a crime).
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