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Millennium Development Goals
Goal 2: education
Goal 2: education

Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education


Target 3:

Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling.

Case Study: Habani, Chad

Achta Abakar was the first inhabitant of the Chadian village of Habani to attend school, although not for long. After five years of attending school in N’Djamena, Achtba’s parents arranged a marriage for her with a respected man from her village.

In Chad 46% of boys and 33% of girls of primary school age attend primary school.

(UNICEF, The State of the World’s Children 2004)
But Achta had an idea. She decided to help her village by creating the very first school in Habani.

As part of a series looking at the Millennium Development Goals in Mozambique, a BBC producer from the French for Africa service, interviewed Achta about her experience.

"I am the first principal of the school of Habani. I went to school in the centre of N'Djamena.

I got married at fourteen years old and so quit school. It was my husband who said that he didn’t want me to go to school anymore. I did work, but only with my children.

I know that girls who go to school will find something good. There are women who become ambassadors and ministers.

There is nobody in Habani that knows French. If I’m not there, there’s no chance. That’s why I thought that if I created a school in a village such as Habani, the children who play in the neighborhood – even the girls – could learn. I planned a project with the chief of the village and with students’ parents. I made a shed and bought supplies at the market and I told them to bring their girls and boys to the school.

We thought that maybe once we had started, the government would come around and see the way we thought. The chief of the village agreed with all of this.

In our first year we had 59 girls and 42 boys.

The people of the village next to ours bring their girls to school, even if it's four or five kilometers, because they have seen how good it is.

Initially they asked, 'why should I bring my girls to school?' I said, 'because school is good, and if you bring your girls to school, even if she does not become a nurse or the director of a school, she will work, and she will then work with her children as well. She will take something away from it.'

My father used to be a military man, and he became a chief in the National Guard.
My mother didn't want me to go to school. It was my father who forced me to go to school. If it wasn’t for this I would not have found myself." Achtba
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