is it passed?
is HIV passed from person to person?
is found in body fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal
fluids and breastmilk. It is passed from one person
to another - or transmitted - only in very specific
ways. These are:
sexual intercourse between a man and a woman or between
infected blood - for example through contaminated
blood transfusions or unsterilised needles and syringes.
( In most places today blood transfusions are completely
safe because the blood is tested for HIV before it
is used to treat patients); and
an infected mother to her baby while it is still in
the womb or during childbirth or during breastfeeding.
does not spread through "casual" everyday
contact between people.
It is not transmitted by coughing, or sneezing, or by
touching or hugging someone who has the virus.
It is not spread in air, water or in food, or by sharing
cups, bowls, cutlery,clothing, or toilet seats.
HIV is not transmitted by biting insects such as mosquitoes,
because the quantity of blood on their mouthparts is