can HIV be passed on by infected blood?
blood from a person infected by HIV gets into the blood
stream of another person, it will infect them also with
the HIV. This can happen:
contaminated instruments are used to pierce the skin
can be prevented if the equipment used is brand new,
or is carefully sterilised each time it is used.
From a blood transfusion with infected blood
transfusions may be necessary
a bad accident, if someone has lost a lot of blood;
a hospital operation;
childbirth, if the mother has lost much blood; or
a person is anaemic due to bilharzia, hookworm or
the blood or equipment used is contaminated with HIV,
this will be transmitted to the person receiving the
blood, and so they will also become infected.
All equipment used for blood transfusions should be
sterilised before it is used. In some countries all
blood which has been donated is tested for HIV infection,
and only non-infected blood is used. More and more countries
are now trying to do this.
is no risk in donating blood if the equipment is new
or properly sterilised.