Josef Altenburger lived at St Margarethen on the border of Austria Hungary border. During the Second World War he was interned as a prisoner of war at Camp Polk, Louisiana, USA.
Three years after he returned home, he found himself looking at barbed wire again, but this time he was close to home.
This picture gallery is his view of the strict border restrictions brought on by the onset of the Cold War.
Border with a reporter
Hungarian mounted soldiers as well as foot patrols checked the boundary behind the barbed wire. If several soldiers patrolled together, the last in line was always a reliable, loyal communist. Outwardly, the fence was there to protect Hungary from its Western enemies, but it was there to prevent its citizens escaping, too.