Debating Nkrumah's legacy
He was deposed by a coup nine years later and his legacy within Ghana is controversial with memories of his time at the helm dredging up memories, good and bad.
His image does appear on the official celebration posters and clips from his speeches are being broadcast on the radio but there is some official reluctance to embrace him wholeheartedly.
Though not wholly appreciated in his own country, elsewhere on the continent Nkrumah is credited with more.
In neighbouring Nigeria, his political philosophies made a big impact, as political analyst Dr Akin Akingba explained to Sola Odunfa.
At the Kara Heritage Institute in South Africa, researchers are concerned with the dissemination and discussion of traditional African knowledge. Dr Mathole Motshekga is the director of the institute, he told Bola Mosuro what Nkrumah and Ghanaian independence means to him.
Zamalek, a well-to-do area of Cairo, is the home of the Egyptian Africa Society which in the 1960s, was a magnet for African revolutionaries.
Kwame Nkrumah and Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser were friends and the links between the two countries were strong as the two men shared dreams of a liberated and unified Africa; and Nkrumah married an Egyptian.
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