prepared means thinking about who's going to be listening to your
presentation, how it will be structured and what practical considerations
there might be.
difficult to give a good impression if you're not sure about what
you're going to say. And that thinking beforehand includes creating
a structure that's logical - especially for the people in front
of you, who are hearing what you're saying for the first time.
also easier to sound enthusiastic, which suggests confidence, if
you're able to put in something from your direct experience. Where
you've been, what you've done, how you felt, why you made a certain
decision - all of those make straightforward facts more interesting.
about the audience
the case of getting a job, the audience is mainly interested in
you present. But what you say is still important. It's easy when
talking about a favourite subject to get too involved. Listening
if they don't have a struggle understanding what you're talking
about the structure
may seem obvious that a presentation should have a beginning, a
an end. But it's surprising how many presenters ignore that simple
beginning should introduce the subject and give a brief idea of
to come, like chapter headings.
middle should be those chapter headings
in more detail - three will usually be more than enough in a short
end is what the audience will remember most easily. So it should
summary, not of everything that's gone before but of the main
idea running through
it - why you enjoy playing a musical instrument, for example,
or the strongest
memory you have of the place you visited.
about practical things
might believe you're safest with all the words written down. But
very likely to end up like a reading rather than a presentation.
a set of notes instead - for a short presentation, one side of paper
to be enough. Then practise with those as your prompts.
aim here is to be as natural as possible, rather than to act. But
is still an artificial situation, so there are some points you need
to be aware of
softly, particularly at the end of sentences, is seen as a sign
nervousness - and is also irritating if it makes what you say difficult
When you practise, make sure you aren't swallowing any words.
you're standing up, lots of small movements will make you look nervous.
Once you're in a comfortable position, facing the audience, let
head and your hands do the moving.
though it sounds, the best advice is to forget your hands. (We
don't think about them in conversation, after all.) If you ignore
them, your hands
will do what they normally do - match your voice to provide emphasis
talking to the audience, not to your notes. So you need to look
as much as possible - and look around, so that everyone feels you're
to them personally.