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Last updated at 17:05 BST, Wednesday, 11 September 2013

70 borrowed words

The word candy came into English from the French sucre candi 'crystallized sugar', which is thought to derive from Arabic sukkar 'sugar' and qandī 'candied' - in turn based on Sanskrit khaṇḍa 'piece' (of sugar).

A sheep, a cow and a pig went to market, a meat market, and there they were turned into food. Thanks to the French language we can now differentiate between the live animals and the ready-to-eat versions; 'sheep' becomes 'mutton', 'cow' becomes 'beef' and 'pig' becomes 'pork'. Look out for these words on a menu near you.

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