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Grammar Challenge


- Practice Quiz 1


- Practice Quiz 2


- Practice Quiz 3


- Use the grammar
Use the grammar

Use a combination of active and passive sentences to tell us about something that is produced or made in your country. What is it? How is it made?

We'll publish our favourite five entries.

This topic has now closed, thank you for sending in your comments.

Andrea, Italy
People believe that jeans was invented by american people. Nothing is more wrong. before America was discovered, italian people already produced jeans. It was invented by who lived in Genova. So today, when you wear jeans, you are wearing italian trademark.

Catherine says:
What an interesting comment, Andrea! And with lots of simple passive structures too... I like the way you have used both active and passive structures: it makes your writing more natural and interesting.

Let's look at this sentence, Andrea: 'jeans was invented by american people.' Now 'Jeans' are actually plural, so your sentence should say: 'jeans were invented by american people.' Later on, you say: 'It was invented by who lived in Genova.' but, because jeans are plural, you should say 'They were invented...' You also need a subject in the second part of the sentence: ' people who lived in Genova.'

You also need capital letters for 'American' and 'Italian'.

Thanks, Andrea!


Evgeniy, Russia
In a such huge country like Russia you may find a lot of things produced. But we are "famous" for our oil reserves which are sold to other countries. It is hard to say, why the country, where a lot of patents are taken out, does not take advantage of them and still exports some objects that may be produced by us. Our infrastructure needs improving but the first steps are already done.

Catherine says:
Hi, Evgeniy! Many countries face the challenges of today's fast-moving world.

You've used a good mixture of very nice simple active and passive structures here, Evgeniy, although this sentence: '...some objects that may be produced by us.' would probably sound more natural in the active form: '...some objects that we may produce.'

I'd like to suggest a couple of vocabulary changes. In this sentence: '...a lot of patents are taken out...' you could replace 'taken out' with 'registered', and in the sentence '...the first steps are already done.' you could replace 'done' with 'taken'

That's all from me, Evgeniy!


Manel, Tunisia
One typical dish in Tunisia is Harissa. It is made from peppers. Peppers are spread out over a linen and dried with the sun. After several weeks, they are reduced to a fine powder, before it is mixed with olive oil, garlic and spices.

Catherine says:
It sounds delicious, Manel! I love spicy food :)

Your simple passives are good Manel: you thought carefully about subject-verb agreement when you wrote 'Peppers are' and 'it [the powder] is...' - Well done!

Thanks again for your comment, Manel!


Abroo, Pakistan
The Pakistanis make "lassi". It is made from milk which is mixed with water and curd. Sugar is also added in lassi. All this stuff is put into mixer for proper mixing. Finally, it is chilled and served.

Catherine says:
Thanks Abroo! Lassi is a lovely drink.

All your simple passive structures are correctly formed, Abroo - well done!

I'd like to comment on the preposition in this phrase: 'Sugar is also added in lassi'. The verb 'add' is usually followed by the preposition 'to', like this: 'Sugar is also added to lassi'.

Keep logging on to Grammar Challenge, Abroo!


Wellington, Brazil
Brazil makes Biofuel. Here, the Biofuel is made from sugar cane. It is called Ethanol. The sugar is fermentated, distillated and dried.

Catherine says:
Thanks for your comment, Wellington! Biofuel is an important product these days...

You've used some very nice simple passive structures here, Wellington, with some good semi-technical vocabulary. However, you need to check your spelling of one or two past participles. The correct spelling of 'fermentated' is 'fermented', and 'distillated' should be spelt 'distilled'.

Thanks again for your comment, Wellington!


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