Grammar Challenge


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- Practice Quiz 2


- Practice Quiz 3


- Use the grammar

Taka from Japan - 'I want to study trading, so I need to speak English'
Taka is a student at Frances King School of English
Because / because of
Do you ever get confused over when to use because and when to use because of? Well, help is at hand in today's episode of grammar challenge! Taka from Japan is up for the challenge... but are you?

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Because / because of

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Because and because of are both used to introduce reasons. Because is a conjunction, and is followed by a subject and verb. Because of is a preposition, and is followed by a noun phrase or verb-ing


because subject verb  
because he felt ill, he didn't go to the party

Because of

because of noun phrase or verb-ing  
because of his illness he didn't go to the party
because of feeling ill

download scriptDownload these tables (pdf - 32k)
download scriptDownload Catherine's grammar explanation (pdf - 35k)

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Now it's your turn to practise 'because' and 'because of'. Go to our quiz page on this subject here.

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In the next programme, we're looking at simple passives. Are they as simple as they sound?

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