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Mika from Japan - 'I don't like grammar... grammar is very difficult for me'
Mika from Japan is a student at English Studio, Holborn
 
Past Perfect pronunciation
In the last programme, we found out how to use 'wish' with the past perfect to talk about things in the past that we would like to change now. Today, we're focussing on two different forms of this grammar... Will Mika from Japan be able to hear the difference?


Listen

Listen to the programme!
Past Perfect Pronunciation

download audioDownload this programme (mp3 - 1.7mb)


Find out more
To express regrets about past events, we use the subject, followed by wish/wishes, followed by the past perfect (subject + had/hadn't + past participle).

There is a long form and a short form of pronunciation.


Positive
Long form:I wish I had bought a new coat
Short form:I wish I'd bought a new coat


Negative
Long form:She wishes she had not bought a new coat
Short form:She wishes she hadn't bought a new coat


Question
Long form: Do you wish you had bought a new coat?
Short form: Do you wish you'd bought a new coat?



download scriptMore about this grammar (pdf - 34k)
download scriptDownload Catherine's grammar explanation (pdf - 37k)


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Catherine and William

Flatmates - 'wish' + past perfect
Learn It - sentences with 'wish'
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The English Studio Language School*

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In the next programme, we're looking at countable and uncountable nouns...

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