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News about Britain

Valentine's Day, or Love is in the Air

Valentine's Day

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It’s that time of the year when couples show their love for each other by sending cards, flowers and chocolates. But Valentine’s Day is not only about public displays of affection: in recent years it has also become big business. In the UK alone, more than £20 million is spent on flowers, whilst in the United States over $1 billion is forked out on chocolates.

Although Valentine’s Day has become a global industry with more than 80 million roses sold worldwide, the origins of the day are unclear and hidden in the mists of time. Nobody knows exactly who St Valentine was, although some historians suggest he was a Roman martyred in the third century AD by a Roman Emperor. It is said that the first recorded Valentine’s card was sent by the imprisoned Duke of Orleans in 1415. It is believed that he sought solace from his confinement by writing love poems to his wife.

Valentine’s Day, or its equivalent, is now celebrated in many countries around the world. However, the traditions often differ from place to place. In Japan, for example, it is customary for the woman to send chocolates to the man, whilst in Korea April 14th is known as ‘Black Day’ and is when the unfortunate men who received nothing on Valentine’s Day gather to eat noodles and commiserate with each other.

Technological developments have also played their part in keeping Valentine’s Day relevant in the 21st century. Valentine’s e-cards have been all the rage in recent years. However, internet security experts urge web users to be wary as malicious hackers could use e-cards to spread viruses and spyware.

Valentine’s cards can also be used for less than romantic purposes. Police in the UK city of Liverpool sent Valentine’s cards to criminals who failed to appear in court or have not paid fines. The cards contained the verse, “Roses are red, violets are blue, you’ve got a warrant, and we’d love to see you.” Who says romance is dead?


public displays of affection
showing your feelings of liking or love for someone in public

forked out
forced to spend (colloquial)

hidden in the mists of time
too old for anyone to remember/confirm/clarify

killed because of his beliefs

known, documented

put in jail

sought solace
tried to find comfort


here, a special occasion that has the same meaning and purpose

normal, usual

commiserate with
show sympathy for

short for electronic cards, i.e. virtual cards that are sent via the internet

all the rage
very popular

here, careful

malicious hackers
people who access other people's computers with bad intentions (e.g. to look for their personal information, like credit card details, or to stop their computers working properly)

here, computer programs which can make copies of themselves, preventing the computer from working properly

computer programs that reveal the identity of a computer user

a document that gives police specific powers, e.g. the right to search or arrest somebody

Download 37 K pdf
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BBC Learning English: The Flatmates (love vocabulary)
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BBC Learning English blog: The Language of Love by Samantha Hague
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BBC Religion & Ethics: Saint Valentine
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BBC News: Valentine home given gift-wrapped
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Valentine's Day History *

* The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites
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