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Words in the News
Monday 26 August 2002
Vocabulary from the news. Listen to and read the report then find explanations of difficult words below.

  Thabo Mbeki
World Summit on Sustainable Development Johannesburg
Summary: President Thabo Mbeki has opened the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg with a call to end poverty worldwide. But summit delegates have just 10 days to make a difference. This report from Barnaby Phillips.
   
The News Listen  
  President Mbeki said that, for the first time in human history, society has the capacity, the knowledge and the resources to eradicate poverty. He described the last ten years as a decade of inertia. He said everyone agreed that current unsustainable patterns of production and consumption are creating an environmental disaster that threatens all life. President Mbeki has a difficult task here.

As host he desperately wants this conference to succeed, but as one of Africa's leading statesmen he's also involved in tough negotiations with the rich western countries. The United States in particular is reluctant to agree to increased aid flows and reduced trade barriers, which the poorer countries say are prerequisites for development.

 
   
The Words Listen
 
  capacity
ability

 
   
  eradicate
completely remove

 
   
  inertia
lack of movement

 
   
  unsustainable
cannot continue in the long-term

 
   
  patterns
ways in which something is done

 
   
  consumption
buying and using resources

 
   
  tough
difficult

 
   
  aid flows
the amount of help (eg food or equipment) rich countries give poor countries

 
   
  trade barriers
laws or taxes which make it difficult to import goods

 
   
  prerequisites
things which must be in place first

 
   
  Read more about this story  
 

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