| || ||Words
in the News|
week, we are looking at a report about operations to evacuate the
area around the Mayon volcano in the Philippines, which erupted today.
Arthurs, BBC East Asia Reporter, reported.
to the report in full|
to the first part of the report|
five thousand people live on the slopes of the Mayon volcano, farming
its fertile soil despite an official ban on settlements within
six kilometres of the summit. Above their homes, a burning
flow of liquid rock or magma has been pushing up from deep
in the volcano, sending pieces of lava - some bigger than a
refrigerator, tumbling down a gully on the south-east
side of the mountain at eighty kilometres an hour. Teams of police
and soldiers have been sent to move people from their homes and farms
but many are refusing to leave. Mayon’s angry rumble might subside.
ground or earth where plants grow easily, producing good crops
summit : top
technical word for hot, melted rock below the surface of the earth
lava : hot liquid rock from
a volcano that becomes solid as it cools
tumbling : tumble -
to fall - or here to flow quickly
gully: narrow valley or channel
in hill or mountain
2 || ||Listen
to the second part of the report|
the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology
has set a level three alert, ranking the situation as critical,
with an eruption possible within weeks. Officials are taking no chances.
Mayon has a history of violent explosions. Seven years ago, it killed
about seventy villagers. Its most violent eruption was almost a century
ago when twelve-hundred people died in a shower of flaming ash.
the scientific study of volcanoes
the scientific study of earthquakes
:used after a word such as high or critical to describe its position
: burning or, here, very hot , bright with heat
about the background in BBC News Online