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Last updated at 11:52 BST, Wednesday, 23 April 2014

Sumo in decline

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Report and vocabulary

Transcript:

It might look comic but becoming a top sumo wrestler is not for the faint-hearted.

The sport, which is over 1,000 years old, requires extreme commitment: with gruelling training and an enormous diet.

But sumo is in decline.

Revenues are falling, audiences are dwindling and the sport, which was once an icon of Japanese pride, is now dominated by foreign wrestlers.

comic

funny

faint-hearted

not brave or confident

gruelling

extremely tiring; physically exhausting

dwindling

becoming smaller in size or number

dominated

controlled

Exercise

Use one of the words or phrases below to complete each of these sentences from news reports.

Note that you may have to change the form of a word to complete the sentence correctly.

comic / faint-hearted / gruelling / dwindling / dominated

1.

Two Bristol students who tackled a __________ transatlantic rowing race have retired from the competition after more than three months at sea.

2.
With the UK's gas and electricity market __________ by the "big six", the claim often made is that the industry is somehow rigged in favour of these companies.

3.
India is home to around 25,000 elephants. Their numbers are __________ due to poaching and the destruction of their habitats by humans.

4.
It is not surprising that we had to go to Britain's biggest aircraft hangar to see the world's longest aircraft. For the best view, we had to climb the world's scariest staircase too (safe of course, but not one for the __________).

5.
John Uhler Lemmon III - known to the world as Jack Lemmon - was one of Hollywood's best-loved actors and a man who distinguished himself in both serious and __________ roles.

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Exercise

Answers

How did you do?

1

gruelling

2

dominated

3

dwindling

4

faint-hearted

5

comic

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