Last updated at 14:15 GMT, Friday, 20 December 2013

Fed scales back stimulus effort

Summary

20 December 2013

The US central bank, the Federal Reserve, says it will next month begin scaling back a key strategy to stimulate the economy because of a stronger jobs market. The Fed said that from January it would reduce its spending on US government bonds by $10bn a month.

Reporter:

Mark Gregory

Federal Reserve Board Building, Washington DC

The Federal Reserve believes the US economy is making progress

Listen

Click to hear the report

Report

The Federal Reserve has been pumping money into the US economy by buying $85bn of bonds each month. From January, it will cut the figure to $75bn. And it has signalled that it will further reduce the scale of its bond buying if the economy continues to improve.

It's a small but highly significant step towards unwinding the extraordinary measures put in place to support the economy through six years of deep crisis.

The decision follows a run of data pointing to sustained if weak recovery and - the key factor - an improving jobs market.

But the Fed hasn't entirely kicked away the monetary props. It plans to keep short term lending rates at near 0% until it sees at least another 0.5% drop in the unemployment rate.

Investors responded by sending share prices higher. There was relief at the end to uncertainty over when the Fed, as has seemed inevitable for months, would start tapering off its monetary life support.

Listen

Click here to hear the vocabulary

Vocabulary

pumping

(here) putting large amounts of

signalled

indicated

unwinding

(here) reversing the policy

kicked away

removed totally

props

structures to provide support

tapering off

gradually reducing until there is nothing left

  1. Home
  2. Grammar, Vocabulary & Pronunciation
  3. Words in the News
  4. Fed scales back stimulus effort