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Last updated at 12:05 BST, Monday, 29 July 2013

Haiti cholera claims

Summary

26 July 2013

A group of top international scientists studying a widespread outbreak of cholera in the Caribbean state of Haiti has found that the disease probably came from United Nations peacekeepers. This discovery could have a big effect on a multi-billion-dollar compensation claim from people affected by the epidemic, which has so far claimed over 8,000 lives.

Reporter:

Mark Doyle

People wearing masks during cholera outbreak in Haiti

The cholera outbreak began in 2010

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Report

The cholera epidemic in Haiti has put the United Nations in an unprecedented legal and moral crisis. Ever since the outbreak began, in late 2010, all the circumstantial evidence has pointed to the source of the disease being a military camp for UN peacekeepers from Nepal, where cholera is common. Sewage from the UN camp leaked into a nearby river and was dumped in an open pit. The cholera then spread down the river and into Haiti's towns and cities.

The United Nations, under massive pressure from the victims, convened a panel of top scientists in 2011. But they concluded in an official UN report that no group or individual was to blame. Now, the very same group of scientists has looked at new microbiological evidence. And it has concluded that the Nepalese camp was the most likely source of the outbreak.

The families of people who died in the epidemic are planning to sue the UN for compensation totalling many billions of dollars. The UN says it has legal immunity from any prosecution. But the victims say they're bringing their case anyway, in a US court. This new evidence will almost certainly bolster their claim.

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Vocabulary

epidemic

a widespread outbreak of a disease

unprecedented

never having happened before

moral

what's accepted as the right and wrong way to behave

circumstantial evidence

facts that make something seem likely that it happened but do not prove it

source

place where it started

convened

organised an official meeting (of)

microbiological

study of very small living things

to sue

to make a legal claim against someone (here, the UN)

legal immunity

a situation where the law does not affect someone because of their position

bolster

make stronger