Last updated at 13:38 GMT, Wednesday, 27 March 2013

From the ashes of Pompeii

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Report and vocabulary

Transcript:

Frozen in time...

Plaster casts of victims buried following the eruption of Mount Vesuvius around 2,000 years ago.

They are part of a major exhibition of more than 250 archaeological discoveries in the British Museum about the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

Jewellery still intact, a cot turned to charcoal... they offer a snapshot of the lives of ordinary people at the time.

frozen

stopped moving and completely still

plaster casts

copies of statues or other objects made from plaster: a mixture of white powder and water that becomes hard when it dries

archaeological discoveries

items or information found by archaeologists: people who study the past by looking at objects, graves and buildings from that time

charcoal

hard, black substance made from burned wood

snapshot

a description that tells you about a place or situation at a particular time

Exercise

Use one of the words or phrases below to complete each of these sentences from news reports.
Note that you may have to change the form of a word to complete the sentence correctly.

frozen / plaster casts / archaeological discoveries / charcoal / snapshot

1.
It is comparatively easy to find evidence of human occupation in caves through the dating of __________ from fires or bones from long-ago dinners, Dr Cohen said.

2.
Gori's main tourist attraction is its museum to Stalin. The ornate building, with its collection of heroic photographs and Stalin's death mask, appears __________ in time - a Soviet shrine to the dictator, almost untouched since the museum was built in 1957.

3.
The excavation has revealed artefacts that show a __________ of life in Ireland at least as far back as the 9th century AD.

4.
The gymnast, who won a bronze medal at London 2012, had to stand with her body covered in plaster-filled bandages for an hour while the cast was made.

The __________ was then taken back to Ms Giblin's Sussex studio where the artwork was completed.

5.
Recent __________ on the Arabian Peninsula have uncovered evidence of a previously unknown civilisation based in the now arid areas in the middle of the desert.

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Exercise

Answers

How did you do?

1

charcoal

2

frozen

3

snapshot

4

plaster

5

archaeological discoveries