16 February 2011
Japan and India have signed a free-trade agreement. They are trying to make it easier to sell goods between the two countries. Japan is trying to build greater trade links since it was recently overtaken by China as the world's second biggest economy.
Click to hear the report:
The agreement is intended to boost trade between Japan and India, which share a mutual concern about the growing economic clout of China. Within 10 years, tariffs will be abolished on 90% of Japanese exports to India and 97% of India's exports to Japan.
The Prime Minister of Japan, Naoto Kan, has said opening up the country to trade is a top priority. Japan's population is ageing rapidly and the economy is mired in deflation. Earlier this week, Japan was eclipsed by China as the world's second biggest economic power. Meanwhile South Korea is an increasingly formidable rival, using free-trade agreements to make its electronics and other sectors more competitive.
Japan's government is considering joining talks on the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a huge free-trade area around the Pacific rim. But it faces strong opposition from rice farmers, who are a powerful political constituency and protected by very high tariffs. Rice is not included in the free-trade deal with India.
Roland Buerk, BBC News, Tokyo
Click to hear the vocabulary:
buying and selling or exchanging goods and services
- mutual concern
shared worry or fear
power and influence
taxes on goods coming into or going out of a country
falling prices for goods and services
overtaken or overshadowed by
- economic power
country with a very strong economy
- the Pacific rim
countries with coastlines by the Pacific Ocean
- political constituency
here, group of people who are politically active and like to have their opinions heard by government