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Last updated at 17:36 GMT, Wednesday, 02 December 2009

Catching loneliness from the lonely

Summary

2 December 2009

It sounds like a contradiction in terms but loneliness is catching. That's the conclusion of a detailed study into people's behaviour carried out by teams at three American universities.

Reporter:
Jack Izzard

A lonely boy

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Report

It's a medical paradox. People who feel lonely can spread the emotion to others - much like a virus. After poring over data collected from nearly 5,000 people, the researchers concluded that loneliness is more than just a personal feeling, it's an infectious mental condition. This was a statistical rather than medical study, so it doesn't explain how the contagion happens. But what it did find was that the friends of a person describing themselves as lonely were 52% more likely to become lonely themselves, and that their friends were at an increased risk too, even if they didn't know the lonely person.

The study's authors suggest this may be down to the way lonely people behave. A tendency to be wary or mistrustful of others can make their loneliness a self-fulfilling prophecy, as it may drive friends away. This much may seem obvious, but the study also hints that this behaviour can rub off on other people, painting a rather bleak picture of lonely people driving each other into ever greater isolation. Its advice to the lonely - surround yourself with a network of friends, as long as they're not lonely too.


Jack Izzard, BBC News

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Vocabulary

paradox

not logical, not consistent or not possible

poring over data

examining or looking very carefully at the evidence or the information

an infectious mental condition

a way of feeling or thinking that can affect other people near you so that they have the same feelings too

at an increased risk

more likely to catch an illness or disease (or here, loneliness)

down to

because of

a tendency to be wary or mistrustful of

likely or inclined to be suspicious of

a self-fulfilling prophecy

something you do or say about yourself so often that it eventually makes something you say about yourself true (here, lonely people don't trust other people so they become more lonely, so they trust other people even less and so become even more lonely)

drive friends away

push friends away, reject them

rub off on

influence, have an effect through being close to someone or associating with them

painting a rather bleak picture

describing a situation or person as bad, depressing or sad

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