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Last updated at 11:45 GMT, Thursday, 12 November 2009

New medical careers for Sherpas

Summary

9 November 2009

The Kunde Hospital is the only one in the high Everest isolated region of Nepal. Originally the hospital was run by foreign doctors but the clinic is now staffed and run by the local Sherpa population.

Reporter:
Joanna Jolly

Mount Everest

Mount Everest

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Set up in 1966 by Sir Edmund Hillary, Kunde Hospital is at a height of 3, 840 metres. For many of its 8,000 patients, visiting the clinic means walking for hours through high-mountain passes. The hospital is mainly funded by foreign donations and was originally run by doctors from Canada and New Zealand. But for the past ten years, this 12-bed clinic high up in the Himalayas has been staffed by the local Sherpa population. The current doctor, Dr Tsering Wangdi Sherpa, is the third Sherpa doctor to work at the clinic. The first was his father who was provided with a grant from the Sir Edmund Hillary foundation of Canada to train. Dr Tsering says without the hospital, there would be little health care in the Khumbu district.

Dr Tsering: 'It's actually very important to have this hospital because, if you look back at the history - this hospital was built in 1966 - and before that, the health system here was absolutely
bad. There was a lot of problems with birth control, immunization, people had a lot of very bad infections, the hygiene was really bad. They had a lot of problems with iodine deficiencies causing cretinism and lots of cases of tuberculosis causing a lot of deaths.'

Dr Tsering says thanks to injections provided by the hospital, problems due to iodine deficiency have been virtually wiped out. The hospital has also improved hygiene in the region and provided family planning services. Dr Tsering says the introduction of Sherpa staff at Kunde Hospital has meant the clinic is able to function more smoothly and no longer needs to rely on translators. He says, because of the hospital, many young people from this impoverished region of Nepal are now looking towards a career in medicine.

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Vocabulary

is mainly funded by foreign donations

most of the money for the hospital comes from people outside Nepal

Sherpa

Himalayan person who is a skilled mountain climber and who is often employed as a guide by visiting climbers

was provided with a grant

was given some money (here, from the Sir Edmund Hilary foundation) for a special purpose (here, studying)

birth control

different methods or types of equipment that allow people to have sex without having children

the hygiene was really bad

people weren't washing enough to keep clean and so be free of disease

iodine deficiencies causing cretinism

not having a special element (iodine) found in sea water and which is used to prevent infection. This lack of iodine causes problems (both physical and mental) in the way that people grow

tuberculosis

(often shortened to TB) a serious disease which is infectious and can attack many parts of a person's body, especially their lungs

virtually wiped out

when a disease is virtually wiped out, it is almost completely eradicated or it almost no longer exists

family planning services

offering people methods of contraception (ways of preventing a woman becoming pregnant) to control how many children you have and when you have them

no longer needs to rely on translators

don't need to have people who can speak the same languages as the patients and the doctors, and who can tell both the patients and doctors what the other ones are saying

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