I want to know is what does shan't mean when someone says:
shan't be able to get into the show.
it mean should not, abbreviated as do not is abbreviated
to don't? And how do we pronounce it? Please tell me about
abbreviating other verbs like were not, must not and
so on. Thank you.
predictions: shall not > shan't future predictions: will not > won't
and won't are the contracted forms of shall not and
willnot. They are both used to make predictions about
what will happen in the future, as in your example, Yasmeen. Won't
can be used with first, second and third person pronouns, so you
could also say We won't be able to get into the show with
little or no difference in meaning. Shall and shan't
in this sense are used only with first person pronouns, I and
and shan't: pronunciation practice:
pronunciation practice of shall and shan't forms,
connect up to the audio link now.
has two different pronunciations, a weak form where you can
hardly hear the vowel sound, which is the normal pronunciation in
the middle of sentences, and a strong form, when you want
to emphasize the vowel, where it is stressed. The weak form sounds
like this: shll. And the strong form sounds like this: shall.
contractions like shan't always have a strong pronunciation.
There is no weak form of shan't. But note that there is an
r sound in shan't which is pronounced in exactly the
same way as the r sound in aren't and can't.
practice these contractions and note how the weak and strong forms
shall see you on Sunday, shan't we?
~ No, you won't. I can't make it on Sunday.
You'll see me on Wednesday.
~ Can you try to be here by six o' clock?
they at home? Can't you knock again?
~ There's no point, is there? They're at gran's, aren't they?
Saturday. I can try and reach them on the phone. I'll give
them a ring, shall I?
can get in through the back door. I'll go round the
back, shall I?
~ No, don't go round the back. There's a dog in the back
garden. It'll bite you.
you notice in this exercise that can has two pronunciations
like shall? It has a weak form where you can hardly hear
the vowel and where it sounds like this: cn and a strong
form which we need to use when making questions and in question
tags where it sounds like this: can.
also the weak form of will, which sounds like this: 'll.
the exercise and make sure that you get all the strong forms and
the weak forms correct.
we use shall to indicate that something must happen and we
can use it with second and third person pronouns, you, he, they,
etc, as well as first person pronouns, I and we. When we use shall
in this way, it has no weak form. Shall must be pronounced
in full as shall. It is always stressed and emphatic.
are you crying? You shall have a chocolate Easter egg.
I'll see to that!
he wants a top-of-the-range car, that is what he shall have!
must not > mustn't; do not > don't advice: should not > shouldn't advice: ought not to > oughtn't to
is similar in meaning to shouldn't and oughtn'tto,
but it is stronger and more definite. When you use mustn't,
you are telling people not to do things. It has the same force as
don't, as in: Don't do that! When you use shouldn't
or oughtn't to, you are advising people not to do things.
/ shouldn't /oughtn't to / don't: pronunciation
pronunciation practice of the contracted forms mustn't, shouldn't,
oughtn't to and don't, connect up to the audio link
that the middle t in mustn't and oughtn't is
not pronounced. Note also that the vowel sound in don't is
exactly the same as the vowel sound in won't. Practise the
pronunciation of these forms with these examples:
mustn't answer the phone if anyone rings
~ Why mustn't I? Why can't I? You shouldn't
treat me like a child.
I mustn't smoke any more cigarettes today.
~ You ought to give up, you know.
~ I can't do that, but I should try to cut down,
ought to wake Helen, oughtn't we? She mustn't
oversleep. Her mother should be here soon and she mustn't
find her in bed.
do that! You mustn't do that! If you do that, it won't
work any more and you won't be able to listen to your favourite
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