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Last updated at 15:10 BST, Thursday, 05 May 2011

King Cyrus' Cylinder

The Cyrus Cylinder

The cylinder was on loan to the Iranian National Museum in Tehran

Yvonne and Alice talk about an artefact from ancient Persia , which is now Iran. The Cyrus Cylinder is engraved with what is possibly the world's earliest human rights charter.

This week's question:

Which country does the British Museum's oldest artefact come from?

a) Benin

b) Iraq

c) Tanzania

Listen out for the answer at the end of the programme!

Listen

King Cyrus' Cylinder

End of Section

Vocabulary

an artefact

a very old ornament, tool or object made by humans

human rights charter

legal document which says how people must be treated by governments and each other

a cylindrical shape

something with fairly flat, circular ends and longer straight sides

inscribed

writing which is cut into the surface of something so that it is permanent

tyranny

cruel, oppressive treatment of people by their leaders

repatriated

sent back to their own countries

decreed

officially announced

exhibition

display of a group of objects or art in a public place

pre-Islamic history

here, events which happened in Iran before the country became an Islamic state

engage

interact, talk to each other, discuss

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