|Learning English - The Flatmates|
Talking about similarities:
There are some phrases that are useful when we want to say that something is similar to something else, but it is not exactly the same. We often use these phrases because we can't find the exact word that we need.|
kind of and sort of:
We can use these phrases before nouns and adjectives:
A paramedic is a kind of doctor, or perhaps it is a sort of nurse. I'm not sure, but they help injured people.
I'm kind of happy that school has finished, but I'll miss my friends.
We can also use kind of and sort of before 'like' or 'similar to':
Australian Rules Football is kind of like soccer and rugby combined.
New Zealand is sort of similar to Britain.
We can add 'ish' to adjectives and numbers to mean 'approximately'.
How old is he? I'm not sure, perhaps fortyish.
And he's got blueish eyes, or are they greenish? I'm not so sure.
All of the following words can be used to represent a noun when we do not know the real word or when we can't remember it.
You need one of those... oh, you know, you need a whatsit to open that bottle.
You mean a corkscrew?
Thingummy can be used to mean someone's name.
Have you seen, erm, thingummy, you know, the guy with glasses?
Thing refers to single countable objects (e.g. a car, a mouse)
Things refers to plural countable objects (e.g. clothes, spiders, pens)
Stuff refers to uncountable objects (e.g. oil, information) or a collection of countable objects (like things) e.g. a lot of clothes, shopping items.
We often use these words when both the speaker and the listener know which objects are being discussed, or when we don't know the exact word, or even when there isn't an exact word.
Where do you keep all the cleaning stuff?
'the cleaning stuff' means all the different things that are used to clean a house: mops, brushes, creams and polishes.
I can't clean your bedroom floor, there's loads of stuff/things all over it.
'loads of stuff/things' probably means toys, socks, papers etc.
I need a thing to stop my washing machine from leaking, you know, a round rubber thing that goes on the main pipe.
All of the following phrases have a similar meaning to 'approximately' but they are less formal.
about: It'll take you about 20 minutes to drive there.
roughly: There were roughly 50 people at the lecture.
more or less: There's twenty minutes till the end of the game, more or less.
When there are more examples that you can give, but you don't need to, you can use 'etcetera' and 'and all that sort of thing'. It is possible to shorten 'and all that sort of thing' to 'and all that'.
We had a great time in Egypt. We saw the Nile, Cairo, the pyramids etcetera.
In my office job, I have to do the filing, manage the scheduling, answer the phones and all that sort of thing.
David's a great team captain. He's decisive, determined and all that.
everybody chips in
everybody helps or contributes to doing a task
we all do our bit
we all contribute fairly to doing a task
I regret to say/ I'm sorry to say (a polite expression used when saying 'no')
It isn't up to me
It's not my choice. I can't/don't decide this