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Phrasal verbs

Alice and Tim in the sitting room
Phrasal verbs, or multi-word verbs, are verbs that are combined with one or two particles (a preposition or adverb), for example, 'off' or 'on', to make verbs with new meanings. These new meanings are usually non-literal. For example, to hang means to suspend something on a wall (He hung the picture in the living room) but to hang on means to wait ( Hang on a minute. I'll be ready soon).

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Phrasal verbs - on

Hang on: to wait, often when on the telephone
Can you hang on a moment, I'll just see if David is in the office.
Don't go! Hang on a minute and I can come with you.

Keep on doing something: to continue to do something or to do something repeatedly
The interviewer kept on asking her about her marriage to Paul McCartney.
Keep on practising and your English will improve.

Count on someone/something: to rely or depend on someone/something or to expect something to happen
If I am ever in trouble I can count on my parents to help me.
I didn't count on the taxi failing to arrive. I was really late in the end.

Let on about something: to reveal a secret, for example a surprise party
No-one let on about the party, so she was really surprised.
I didn't let on that I had just won the lottery, I wanted to keep it a secret.

Phrasal verbs - off

Take off: to leave the ground (usually an aeroplane) or to become increasingly successful
The plane takes off in an hour. Hurry up!
His acting career really took off after he did that film with Spielberg.

See someone off: to go to an airport or station and say goodbye to someone who is leaving
I'll see you off tomorrow, so I can drive you to the airport.
I was a bit sad because no-one came to see me off when I left the country.

Call something off: to cancel something
They called offthe cricket match because of the hurricane.

Put something off: to postpone something or to delay doing something
They've put the meeting off until next week because the manager is ill.
I can't put this essay off any longer. The deadline for handing it in is tomorrow.


at this rate:
in this way or at this speed

to hassle someone (informal):
to annoy or bother someone

to grab something:
to take hold of something quickly and strongly