Pointing out the tourists
Sorry to hear that you were ill, but glad to hear that you’re feeling better now!
You’ve written a very long and interesting post about your weekend, your education and career choices. I agree with the people who commented on your post – your writing style is clear, coherent and very readable. Perhaps your experience of writing regularly for an audience is partly responsible for your increased fluency and confidence? This may sound like a strange comment to make, but I find that one way of understanding words, phrases and ideas is to USE them in writing. It should be the other way round; that I understand BEFORE I write, but, in fact, often it isn’t. Sometimes, by trying out words, expressions and ideas, I realise more about what they mean WHILE I write. I wonder if this is one of the benefits of the BBC LE blog – that it provides an opportunity for regular writing for an audience? The really great thing about the BBC LE blog is that you don’t need to be the student blogger to have this opportunity, because anyone can write a comment!
On the topic of your job, I agree with Rabail (from the UK); you’re lucky (though it probably wasn’t luck, but hard work and being well organised!) to have a career that interests you and that provides benefits for society. Marianna (from Slovakia) mentioned photos of Sobral. Did you take your camera? If so, can we see the pictures??!
You asked for comments on your writing. I’ve already said how good I think it is!! Here’s a very small tip that I mention not because I can’t understand what you mean (I can), but just because you use this word twice in your post. You use touristic in these two phrases: touristic infrastructure and touristic places. Perhaps you’re thinking that these two phrases are adjective + noun. In fact, I think they are both noun phrases; as in infrastructure and places FOR tourists, not infrastructure and places that are LIKE tourists. Another example: a beautiful (adjective) place (noun), is a place which is like the concept of beauty, not a place FOR beauty. A beauty salon is not beautiful; it is a place FOR beauty.
Two more issues here: tourist attraction is more common than tourist place, it’s just a fixed phrase; and, infrastructure is FOR business (tourism) not individuals (tourists), so tourism infrastructure is better.
If you put touristic attraction into an Internet search engine, you will find people using it in other varieties of English, so this is just my, UK-based opinion!
OK, a little bit more on representing speech in writing. I want to say something about the frequency of said and told in the past simple tense and some of the other tenses I mentioned in my last post. I’ll also say some thing two-word reporting verbs, in answer to your question.
Right, said and told (in the past simple tense)………….in a previous post I said that these were the two most common reporting verbs, but are they?? I decided to check (perhaps I should check first in future!), so I typed said into the search box in the top right hand corner of this page. Try it! I got really excited (sorry, I am a linguist after all…:)) when I saw that I could compare how many times said occurs on the BBC LE website, compared to BBC News and the rest of the BBC. Also, when I tried comparing said with told, tells, says etc. I decided to concentrate on the BBC News search and found that these reporting verbs occur as follows:
saying 102,916 (but some of these might refer to the noun saying)
pointed out 189 (but some of these might refer to out or point)
Now, the texts which are being searched for these words are a very specific text type – news reports - and you may not be interested in this type of writing. In case you are NOT interested in reading or writing news reports, in my next post I will talk about how to create your own searchable collection of texts. Of course, if you are interested in general usage, you can just use your regular search engine to search all of the texts on the Internet!
Looking at the list I made above (and if you try this, your numbers will be different because the BBC News website is being updated all the time) there are some interesting facts to note. Said (in the past simple tense) IS the most frequently used reporting verb, but told is very infrequently used. Says is quite common (perhaps to create a dramatic effect suitable for news reporting) and claimed (though far less frequent than said or says) is also fairly common (perhaps because politicians are always making claims for their policies!).
So, if you want to find out the most common way of saying something, try an Internet search!
Marcos, you asked about two-word reporting verbs, like point out. Here are a few more that are (near) synonyms of tell: to make (something) known; to call upon; to fill (someone) in; to give (something) out; to let (someone) know (something); to let (something) slip; to open up; to reel (something) off; spit (something) out.
OK, that’s it for now. More on representing speech (until you tell me you’ve had enough!) and on creating your own database of texts next time!
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