You’ve been busy Adriana! Lots of interesting posts to read, thanks! :-) I meant to add the photo of Steven yesterday but didn’t have it on my computer at home so I put it in today… Well I don’t know about anyone else but I don’t think you should start writing just about grammar! I’ve really enjoyed reading all your posts and I feel like I know a lot more about Brazil now. One of my students at the moment is Brazilian and I feel like I can relate to her a lot more – it’s great! Thanks for the recipe for Torta Capixaba – even as a vegetarian it made my mouth water! How much does this recipe make though? 24 eggs?!!!! It must be huge! I’m looking forward to your special post on Saturday…
Okay, now the purpose of today’s post is really just to go over the homework I set on Tuesday (and the vocabulary), but before I do I just wanted to share something with everyone. In case you haven’t read through all the comments, Ana Paula suggested a great website where you can listen to interviews with authors, including some of the ones I mentioned in my post about Indian literature. It looks fab – I suggest you have a look if you’re interested in books and reading. Thanks Ana Paula!
Here we go – the conditionals homework. I Asked you three questions about the conditional sentences.
1) When is each sentence talking about? Past, present or future?
2) Which of these sentences would best fit your situation, the first time you flew to Brasilia for the exam?
3) What is the form for each of the sentences?
Let’s have a look at Adriana’s answers.
a) If I know the exam is cancelled, I won’t go. The if clause is in the present and the main clause in the future
Yes, that’s correct, but the sentence is talking about the future – we don’t know whether the exam will be cancelled, but if it is, I won’t go. The form for this one is: if + subject + present simple/subject + will/not + bare infinitive. This is called the first conditional, as many of our readers have correctly identified.
b) If I knew the exam was cancelled, I wouldn’t go. If clause in past simple and the main clause in conditional tense
Yes again – good, and the sentence is talking about the present. If, at the moment, I knew the exam was cancelled, I wouldn’t go (in the future). The form here is: if + subject + past simple/subject + would/not + bare infinitive
c) If I had known the exam was cancelled, I wouldn’t have gone. If clause in perfect clause and the main clause in conditional perfect tense.
Almost. The first part of the sentence is actually in the past perfect. This sentence is talking about the past. I didn’t know the exam was cancelled, but if I had I wouldn’t have gone (in the past). The form is: if + subject + past perfect/subject + would/not + have + past participle.
The sentence which best fits your situation, Adri, is the third one – you didn’t know the exam was cancelled before you went, otherwise you wouldn’t have gone. Well done Adriana, and all our readers who got the answers right!
Adriana, you have also asked me to say a bit about the zero conditional. This is an example:
If you press that button, the toast pops up.
We use this form to talk about things that are generally true. If it rains, you get wet. If you step on my toes, it hurts, etc. etc. The form is:
If + subject + present simple/subject + present simple
Hope that helps!
Okay – that’s enough for today. I’m looking forward to seeing everyone’s sentences from yesterday’s homework and we’ll look at that tomorrow. Only a couple of days to go now until we say goodbye :-(
Vocabulary definitions from Tuesday’s post
My heart went out to you: I felt a lot of sympathy for you A fiasco: a disaster, not usually used to talk about natural disasters but rather when things go wrong unexpectedly
Intrigued: interested, wanting to know more
To branch out: to start looking at other areas, stop focusing on one particular thing
To digress: to go off the topic, start talking about something that isn’t relevant
An all-time favourite: most favourite thing of all
Prevalent : common
To be up to something: to be doing something
Faint-hearted: not liking things that are difficult, or needing effort
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