South Indian food - yum!
Hi again! It’s great to be able to read our readers comments so quickly – they’ve been appearing much faster over the last couple of days. Thanks to everyone for writing in.
Adriana I LOVE the idea of ‘Bruno’. What a cool thing to do! Sometimes I think I should re-train as a primary school teacher so that I could do interesting projects like that one. It must have been so much fun to be involved in, and so interesting for the kids. I visited Afghanistan a couple of years ago for work, and while I was there I met a man who asked me to send his niece a postcard when I returned to Delhi. It turned out (there’s another phrasal verb!) that her class was trying to get as many postcards as they could from friends and relatives all around the world. Every time one arrived they would plot where it came from on a map and one child would have the responsibility of finding out 5 facts about that country to share with the rest of the class. I thought that sounded like a really fun thing to do as well.
So before I get into the homework I just thought I’d tell you a little bit about the restaurant I went to for lunch on Sunday. It’s tucked away in a maze of streets a few minutes drive from my house. It has a beautiful door which is made to look like it’s got stained glass windows, although in fact they’re just stickers. Anyway, this restaurant serves delicious South Indian food.
I expect that many of you are familiar with the kinds of curries that you get in North Indian cuisine. North Indian food tends to be quite heavy, with lots of spices and many dishes have a thick gravy. South Indian food is very different. My two favourite dishes are Masala Dosa and Idly. South Indian people tend to eat a lot of rice, as well, while North Indian curries are more often paired with different kinds of breads. Let me describe the three dishes I mentioned to you.
Masala dosas look very interesting. They are like big, crispy pancakes, about half a metre in diameter, folded into a kind of tube with a mixture of cooked potatoes, spices and onions in the middle. The ‘pancake’ is made from lentil and rice flour.They are served with a variety of sauces – usually a white coconut one, a green coriander one and a red one (I don’t know what it’s made from but it’s my favourite). They are also served with something called ‘Sambar’ which is like a thick, spicy soup. Sambar is served with most South Indian dishes.
Idly are small, round, steamed rice flour (I think!) cakes. These don’t have a lot of flavour on their own but are served with the same sauces as the masala dosa and of course, sambar.
Here is a photo of me eating in the restaurant I mentioned. If you look closely you can see some small metal bowls - they contain the sauces I talked about. At the front of the picture is a ‘Vada’ which is like a savoury doughnut and my hand is over a kind of dosa but it’s not as impressive as the masala dosas because it’s folded, rather than rolled into a tube. There are LOADS of different types of dosa. Ooh and I forgot to say, in India people traditionally eat with their right hand, using utensils mainly for Western and Chinese food (anything non-Indian, basically). I’m left-handed (so is Ed) so it took us a little while to be able to eat neatly with our right hands but we’re pretty good at it now :-)
By the way - I also love taking photos, Adriana. I used to take a lot more with my old SLR camera but then I bought a digital one and stopped using it so much and then we had Louie so he became the subject of nearly all our photos! India is such a great place for photography, I keep meaning to take it up again.
Okay – better get down to work. Here are the definitions of the phrasal verbs from the last post:
To take something up: to start doing something, usually a hobby or sport
To get into: to become interested in something
To take something in: to understand
To set off: to begin a journey
To get back: to return
To go along with: to accompany
To put up: to publish on a website or noticeboard
To get round to: to find the time to do something
To come up with: to think of something
To come back: to return
And now for the answers to the questions – well done to everyone who got the definitions and the answers right…
1) What is a phrasal verb?
A phrasal verb is a verb that is made up of two or three parts. It is a combination of a verb and an adverb or a verb and a preposition (called the ‘particles’). In some cases there are two particles.The meaning of a phrasal verb is usually more than the individual words would suggest. For example: ‘to set off’ means to start a journey – nothing to do with the verb ‘to set’ or ‘off’ on their own. Phrasal verbs often have more than one meaning, for example ‘to take off’ can mean to remove, ‘take off your shoes’, or the action of a plane leaving the ground.
2) When do we normally use them? Are they formal or informal?
Phrasal verbs are more commonly heard in spoken language than in written language as they are considered fairly informal.
3) How many different types are there?
There are four types of phrasal verbs, divided according to whether they need an object and whether you can ‘separate’ the different parts of them. Examples of the four types are:
a) Type 1: no object and inseparable. For example “What time did you get up?” and The plane took off”
b) Type 2: needs an object and inseparable. For example, “My children will look after me when I’m old” (‘Me’ is the object)
c) Type 3: needs and object and separable. For example, “I wanted to put the answers up on the blog the other day”. You can also say “I wanted to put up the answers on the blog the other day”
d) Type 4: needs and object, is inseparable and has two ‘particles’. For example ‘She has always looked up to her father’.
Okay, so guess what your homework for today is? :-) Decide on the ‘Type’ of each of the phrasal verbs in the list I gave you last time. I’ve given you the answer to one of them – ‘put up’. This is Type 3. Be careful! Remember that some phrasal verbs have different meanings, they can also have different types. ‘Take off’ can be Type 1 or Type 3. I want you to tell me the Type according to how I used the phrasal verb in the earlier post. You may want to check in a dictionary if you’re not sure.
Oh – Filippo asked for some ‘tips’ for how to learn the meaning of phrasal verbs. Well, they are a bit difficult because, as I said above, the meaning often bears little resemblance to the meaning of the verb and particle(s) they are made from. The best thing is to look at the context and see if you can work out the meaning, then have a look in the dictionary under the main verb. Good dictionaries include them. Glad to hear you have bought a good one, Adriana, it’s definitely a worthwhile investment.
Okay, just before I go I’ll answer your questions that you asked, Adri. Here we go:
* Amy, could please tell me how to build this kind of sentence using "the more...the more likely"? Is it correct in my text?
Yes, you’ve used it nicely here, the greater the time wasted, the more likely to have a bone ressorption although I would change the last bit slightly from ‘to have a bone ressorption to ‘the more likely the bone will be reabsorbed’ [I think this is what you mean].
**You have used this phrase in one of your previous blogs: "Could it get any worse?" May I use it replacing the word worse for better and in a negative form?
Yep you can say ‘could it get any better’ but it’s unusual to use it in a negative form… it sounds a bit strange :-) Good try though.
All right, best be off.
More on Friday.
To turn out
To be tucked away
To be paired with
And some for review!
Here are the definitions!
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