Amazon Forest and environmental responsibility
I think we all have to do basic things to guarantee the continuity of the life in the world. We are responsible for ours homes, and we are responsible for the Earth. However, over the years we - the human beings - have ravaged our forests, we have polluted rivers, and we have contributed to extinct animal species. Now the entire world is looking to the Amazon Rainforest and we all are concerned about its future. But what is exactly the Amazon Jungle? What this forest represent to us?
The Amazon Rainforest is one of the biggest forests of the world. Its total area is about 7 million square kilometers. The forest extends itself for nine countries: Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and Brazil. About 60% of the area of the forest is in Brazilian territory.
We are talking about a place that has the biggest biodiversity of the world and works like a big bank of DNA. I'm not sure if I should refer to the forest as being "a place". Maybe I should call it "an organism". If you sum the plant species of North America and Europe, this number is inferior of the diversity of plants in this forest. The Amazon River, the biggest of the world, crosses the jungle and has 6.500 km long. Just in Brazil, in Amazon Jungle are more than 170 different indigenous languages. There is gold there. There are diamonds, natural gas, oil, and many other natural resources, too. Maybe the cures for most diseases are there - but we don´t know yet. We have not studied what the jungle can give to us.
Amazon Forest helps to control humidity and temperature in the entire world. To comprehend this, you should see the world as a system. I live in a region within Brazil that depends on the forest directly. If there was not the Amazon Forest, the Brazilian Northeast would be a desert.
Despite its importance we continue to devastate it. In 2008 we lose almost 25 thousand of square kilometers of the Amazonia Forest just in Brazil. A big part of this area was destined to cultivate soybeans and sugar cane, and to raise cattle. And a part of the noble wood that was illegally extracted was exported to many countries.
Here in Brazil we witnessed a heated debate between those who want its conservation, the ones that want its sustainable exploitation, and the minor group (but the most powerful) wants to exploit the riches of the forest.
The first group arguments the jungle must be untouchable. The second defends its exploitation by community in a sustainable basis, without destroy the jungle. The third group, in general, has no environmental responsibility.
The politicians here dislike when an important vehicle of the media (like BBC or New York Times) criticizes their inability to deal with the problems of devastation in Amazon Jungle or any other forest. They just listen to those who finance their campaigns. When they express any concern about enviroment it is just rethoric. Their words almost never are translated in actions to protect the enviroment.
But we have to recognize the problem and we must to improve our skills to lead with it. Including the politicians.
You should observe that I’m NOT talking about sovereignty or property rights. I’m talking about deforestation and environmental responsibility.
Now you should think about your home, your city, and your country.
Try to answer these questions:
1)Are you concerned about the future?
2)Do you use rationally resources like water, electricity, gas and paper?
3)Do you have many forests in your country? If not, why? Was they deforested? Why?
4)Are you a part of the problem or you work hard for a solution?
I think it is hard to talk about it but we have do something.
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