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Last updated: 16 November, 2006 - Published 16:13 GMT
 
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Horn of Africa special
 
Islamic Courts Union fighter

Welcome to a special edition of BBC Focus on Africa, we are looking at the growing security worries in East Africa and beyond, that are centred around strife-torn Somalia.

There are fears that with the peace process there deadlocked, there could be serious repercussions for Somalia's neighbours, and countries further away.

Ethiopia's leadership talks openly of a latent state of war; Kenya has stopped some flights to Mogadishu; and a UN report has accused countries in the sub-region and beyond of sending arms and troops to the transitional government and its more powerful rival, the Islamic Courts Union.

The UN report has accused Iran and Syria of breaking the arms embargo on Somalia and supplying the Islamic Courts Union with weopans and fighters.

Horn of Africa special
Map of the horn of Africa

That latest United Nations report on the arms embargo on Somalia is due to be discussed tomorrow at the Security Council.

It paints a picture of increased international involvement in the Somali conflict and Western intelligence services have grown increasingly worried about a terrorist threat in the region.

Global powers like America believe that a radicalised Somalia could be a breeding ground for terrorists, there have been suggestions that Al Qaeda cells are already operating in the region.

Kenya has suffered at least two terrorist attacks in the past and has been at the sharp end of efforts to bring effective government to Somalia.

Ethiopia has become involved in Somalia and things are being monitored closely from the across the border.

Eritrea has had a long running border row with Ethiopia and has been accused of arming and supporting the Union of Islamic Courts.

Most analysts now agree that Al Qaeda is not an organisation any more. It is more an idea that radical individuals or groupings across the world can adopt.


 
 
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