More from this series
In this two-part series, former BBC East Africa Correspondent Mike Wooldridge travels from the bustling capital, Nairobi, to the Rift Valley to report on the issues behind the conflict that erupted in Kenya at the turn of the year.
The political talks, brokered by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, were a starting point rather than an end.
The fragile deal may have led to some optimism but, unless the underlying issues are addressed, could it all start to unravel and potentially lead to even more bloodshed?
Is it the struggle of an old Kenya dying and a new one being born?
Mike Wooldridge discovers what it will take for Kenya to recover.
What Next For Kenya? - Part One
As Kenya's general election got underway on the 27th of December last year, it triggered one of the most turbulent events that the country had ever seen.
A nation that was widely perceived as a beacon of stability in Africa, descended into chaos.
The shock of the killings, destruction of property and displacement of people was profound.
The impact on Kenya's economy was also immense as more than half a million people became refugees in their own country.
The trouble began with the disputed election results.
The opposition leader Raila Odinga said he had been robbed of victory in the poll by Kenya's President Mwai Kibaki.
However, bubbling under the surface was the issue of tribalism and the historic ownership of land.
In the first part of this documentary, Mike Wooldridge speaks to those involved in the fighting and asks what changed for many of them to turn against their friends.
He finds out if this web of historic grievances and rival land claims can be resolved by the new power-sharing government.
He examines the challenges that lie ahead and finds out if the government needs a plan of action to resolve the tribal differences that exist.
He also looks at tribalism from a generational point of view and asks if young Kenyan's care about their ancestral history.
In a country that is more ethnically divided than ever before, listen to Mike as he travels across Kenya to find out if this nation of 36 million people can live in a future of peace.
First broadcast 21st May 2008.