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Slavery Timeline

1444 - first slaves brought to Portugal from northern Mauritania
1444-5 - Portuguese make contract with Sub-Saharan Africa
1471 - Portuguese arrive in the Gold Coast
1482 - Portuguese begin building Elmina Castle on the Gold Coast
1488 - Bartholomew Diaz goes round the Cape of Good Hope
1490 - first Portuguese missionaries go to Congo
1500 - sugar plantations established on island of Sao Tome two hundred miles from coast of West Africa
1510 - first slaves shipped to Spanish colonies in South America via Spain
1516 - Benin ceases to export male slaves, fearing loss of manpower
1518 - first direct shipment of slaves from Africa to the Americas
1780's - slave trade at its peak
1652 - Dutch establish colony at Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
1700 - Asanti begin to consolidate power
1720's - Kingdom of Dahomey expands
1776-1783 - American War of Independence
1787 - 'Thoughts and Sentiments on the Evil of Slavery' by Quobna Ottobah Cugoano published by the Foundation of the Society for the Abolition of Slave Trade
1789 - French Revolution. 'Life of Olaudah Equiano' published
1791 - slave uprising in Haiti (Saint Domingue) led by Toussaint L'Ouverture
1804 - -Danes pass law against slave trade Haitian independence
1807 - British law passed declaring buying, selling and transporting slaves illegal (ownership continues)
1808 - North America abolish slave trade
1814 - Dutch outlaw slave trade
1823 - founding of Anti-slavery Committee London
1834 - British law passed declaring ownership of slaves illegal
1839 - Amistad slave ship rebellion
1848 - French abolish slavery
1860-65 - American Civil War
1865 - 13th Amendment abolishes slavery in America
1869 - Portugal abolishes slavery
1886 - slavery abolished in Cuba
1888 - slavery abolished in Brazil
1873 - slave market in Zanzibar closed
1936 - slavery made illegal in Northern Nigeria