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West African Kingdoms Timeline

200 BC - City of ancient Jenne thought to have been established.
500 BC - Earliest evidence of Nok culture found in Nigeria.
7th century - Zaghawa people settled next to Lake Chad. Thought to be the early founders of Kanem.
9th century - Fishing community form the nucleus of early Songhay.
10th century - First Hausa state thought to have been formed.
900 AD - Igbo-Ukwo bronze ceremonial objects start being made in Nigeria.
1st millennium AD - A number of clans of the Soninke people come together under Dinga Cisse, a leader with semi-divine status.
Early 11th century - Sefawa dynasty displaces Zaghawa in Kanem. Yoruba kingdoms of Ife and Benin thought to have been founded.
1060's - Kanem converts to Islam.
1076 - Almoravid campaign against ancient Ghana and enter its capital.
11th-12th century - Gold fields begin to be mined at Bure, out of the commercial reach of Ghana. New trade routes open up further east.
1210 - Mai Dunama Dibalami becomes ruler of Kanem, leading it to the height of its power. The centre of government moves to Borno. The state becomes known as Kanem-Borno.
1230's - The Ancient Empire of Ghana declines. Empire of Mali comes to prominence under Mansa (king) Sundiata Keita after he defeats Sosso ruler Sumanguru.
14th century - Empire of Mali reaches its peak.
Queen Amina of Zazzau expands the Zaria emirate through a series of wars.
1310's - Mansa Abubakar II sets out to cross the Atlantic Ocean and is never seen again. Mansa Musa succeeds him as ruler.
1324 - Mansa Musa of Mali makes his magnificent pilgrimage to Mecca.
1464 - King Sunni Ali becomes leader of Songhay and defeats Mali.
1493 - Mande Muslim general, Askia Muhammad, seizes power and expands Songhay.
1510 - Moroccan writer Leo Africanus visits Gao, the capital of Songhay.
1513 - Leo Africanus visits Timbuktu.
1591 - Moroccan army defeats Songhay.
1670's - Osei Tutu defeats Denkyira and establishes Asante empire.
17th century - Ife eclipsed by expanding Oyo kingdom.
18th century - Kanem-Borno goes into decline.
1804 - Usman dan Fodio launches Jihad in northern Nigeria.
1809 - Sokoto caliphate established.
1874 - Asante lose territory to the British under Treaty of Fomana.
1881 - Prempeh I becomes Asantehene (King of the Asante).
1896 - Prempeh I sent into exile by British.
1897 - British soldiers loot city of Benin taking valuable bronzes and other objects.
1900 - Yaa Asantewa (Asante Queen Mother) leads a revolt against the British.
1901 - Asante annexed by the British.
1924 - Prempeh I returns from exile to Kumasi.
1935 - The Asante monarchy restored.