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Africa & Europe Timeline

1805 - Mohammed Ali comes to power in Egypt.
1807 - British abolish slave trade
1808 - Sierra Leone declared a colony
1816 - Gambia occupied by British
1820 - British settlers land on Eastern Cape
1820-34 - Mfecane (crushing) establishes Zulus as leading kingdom in South Africa
1822 - Liberia colony established
1830 - French occupy Algiers
1834 - Slavery abolished in British Empire
1835 - Great Trek across Orange and Vaal rivers begins
1838 - Piet Retief killed by Dingane & Zulus & Vortrekkers in Natal.
Boers beat Dingane Zulus
1842 - Britain takes Natal
1847 - Liberia declares independence.
Slavery abolished throughout the French Empire
1852 - Transvaal declared independent
1854 - Louis Faidherbe conquers Senegal Valley for the French.
First railway on continent in Egypt (from Alexandria)
1861 - US recognises Liberia
Britain occupies Lagos
1863 - French declare Protectorate over Porto Novo (Dahomey)
1866 - French establish trading posts on Guinea Coast
1867 - First diamonds found in South Africa - Hopetown, Cape Colony
1868 - French Protectorate treaties Ivory Coast.
Emperor Theodor of Ethiopia commits suicide.
British annex Basutoland at invitation of King Mosheshwe
1869 - Completion of Suez Canal
1870 - Lobengula becomes king of Ndebele.
Diamond rush to Griqualand South Africa
1872 - Cape Colony made self-governing
1874 - Kumasi, capital of Asanti, sacked by British
1876 - Egypt bankrupt - Anglo French control established
King Leopold of Belgian founds International African Association
1877 - Britain annexes territory from Walvis Bay (modern Namibia) to Cape.
Shepstone annexes Transvaal for British despite protest of Afrikaners
1878 - Berlin Congress
1879 - Zulu War
1881 - French proclaim protectorate in Tunisia Boers invade Natal and are defeated
1882 - Egypt occupied by British army after riots in Alexandria
1884 - The Berlin Conference
USA recognises King Leopold's so called Congo Free State
1885 - First telegraph cable laid between West Africa and Europe
Mahdi takes Khartoum, death of Governor General Gordon
Germany annexes East Africa
British declared Protectorate over Bechuanaland
Bishop Hannington murdered on order of Kabaka (king) of Buganda
1886 - Christians put to death in Buganda by Kabaka (king) Mwanga
1890 - Dunlop invents the pneumatic tyre
1894 - Uganda made Protectorate
1896 - Asantehene (king of Asanti) forced into exile by British
Chimurenga war breaks out in Southern Africa
1897 - Khartoum retaken for British by Lord Kitchener
1899 - Kabaka (king) of Buganda and Kabarega (king) of Banyoro sent into exile by British
1904 - 50,000 Herero driven into desert by Germans and die
1912 - ANC established as South African Native Congress
Trade in fire arms forbidden by Portuguese in Angola
Liga Angolana established
1914 - Outbreak World War I
1916 - Tax riots in Yorubaland (Nigeria)