This Caribbean overseas département of France is one of the largest, along with Barbados, St Lucia, Grenada, and St Vincent, of the Windward Islands, the southern islands of the Lesser Antilles. The Windward Islands lie between 15°N and the coast of the South American continent.
Although still small, these larger members of the Windward chain are hilly or mountainous, and this tends to increase the rainfall above that of the small, flat islands in the group.
The table for Fort-de-France shows that Martinique, with its higher mountains, is wetter than Barbados around the year. The tables for Barbados and Martinique reflect conditions on the west coasts of the islands, which are somewhat sheltered from the prevailing winds.
All months receive appreciable rain, but the heaviest rain is more likely to occur from July to November.
This is the hurricane season and, although the most violent of these tropical storms may only strike a particular island every few years, less severe ones cause appreciable rainfall over quite a wide area. Temperature, humidity, and sunshine throughout the year are typical of those described in the general entry for the Caribbean.
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