Themes L-P

Last updated: 09 April 2008

  • Lady Charlotte Guest Best known for her pioneering translation of the Mabinogion.
  • Law of Wales/Hywel Dda Codified between 942 and 950, when Hywel Dda (Hywel the Good) was king of most of Wales.
  • Lewis Valentine Politician, pastor, author and Welsh language activist.
  • Linear castles Norman built castles that concentrate defences on one side or point of the castle.
  • Literacy Welsh population was literate by the second half of the 18th century.
  • Madog ap Maredudd Last Prince of the entire Kingdom of Powys.
  • Marchia Wallie Sphere of Norman influence in Wales in the 12th century.
  • Margaret Beaufort Mother of King Henry VII of England and grandmother of Henry VIII.
  • Margaret ferch Thomas Descended from Llywelyn ab Iorwerth and married to Tudur Fychan.
  • Medieval Wales The period of time between the invasion of the Normans and the beginning of the Tudor age.
  • Meibion Glyndwr Meaning The sons of Glyndwr, this Welsh nationalist group operated in Wales during the 1980s and 1990s.
  • Migration Over the centuries, Wales has experienced large-scale movements of people.
  • Miners' Strike (1984-1985) A defining moment in British industrial relations, this major industrial action affected the British coal industry.
  • Mining The mining of copper, slate, gold and silver has been practised around Wales since ancient times.
  • Motte and bailey castles Simple to make and relatively easy to defend structures that appeared after the Norman Conquest
  • Mons Badonicus Battle in about 493-516, in which indigenous Britons defeated the Anglo-Saxons.
  • Patagonia-Wales migration A united Welsh colony deliberately retaining the language and culture of the home country.
  • Pirates History blog on Welsh pirates. From Sir Henry Morgan to John Callis who terrorised the shipping lanes around the Severn estuary and the Bristol Channel.
  • Plaid Cymru Political party formed in 1925 , seeking self government and the preservation of the language and culture of Wales.
  • Poetry Aneirin and Taliesin are acknowledged as the earliest authors of Welsh poetry and known as the Cynfeirdd (Early Poets).
  • Poor Law Passed in 1601; it authorised every parish to raise rates to maintain the poor, to apprentice orphan children and to punish 'sturdy beggars'.
  • Protestantism In contrast to that of Roman Catholicism, Protestantism rejects papal authority and many elements of Roman Catholic doctrine.
  • Pura Wallia By 1100 Wales was divided into "Pura Wallia" ruled by the Welsh princes and "Marchia Wallie" ruled by the Norman barons.

BBC Archive

House from the air

Bird's Eye View, broadcast 1971

Journey over land and time with this film of Wales from the air.

Wales Education



Explore BBC Archive clips created specifically for teachers and students.

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