Skip to main content
Access keys help
Explore the BBC
This page has been archived and is no longer updated.
Find out more about page archiving.
16 October 2014
BBC - Catchphrase - Ysbyty Brynaber - week39
Week 39 - Main grammatical points
Brian after filling Arwyn's car with petrol asked for:
Pedwar deg punt a saith deg pum ceiniog os gwelwch yn dda.
Firstly the ceiniog - pence element.
Ceiniog is feminine so the feminine forms dwy, tair, and pedair must be used:
Note that the final p of pump is omitted before a noun so it's pum ceiniog or pum punt
Similarly the final ch is omitted from chwech in front of nouns and is followed by the aspirate mutation so it's chwe cheiniog and chwe phunt
Punt is also a feminine noun and therefore take the feminine forms of two three and four
and pedair punt
Cant is masculine so we say
We can add the word pounds either by adding the singular form punt or the plural form o bunnau
Note that with the singular form cant becomes can
Dau gan punt or dau gant o bunnau
Tri chan punt or tri chant o bunnau
After mil - a thousand o - bunnau is always used
mil o bunnau
dwy fil o bunnau
pum mil o bunnau
Na... na... na...
Agnes says - does dim tân gwyllt na choelcerth na bangers na dim i fod yn agos i ardd ty ni eleni.
In this sentence na is used three times to emphasise the negative form or or nor.
Na is followed by the aspirate mutation.
Na choelcerth or a bonfire.
Arwyn asks: Oes gwir ddiddordeb da chi? Gwir/hen/unig
Most adjectives in Welsh come after the noun for example bachgen mawr or merch hapus.
Gwir is one of the adjectives that can come before or after the noun.
Gwir ddiddordeb means - real interest
After the noun it means ateb gwir - correct answer
Other examples are hen - before the noun hen ddyn old man dyn hen an elderly man
Unig ferch - only girl - merch unig - lonely girl.
English to Welsh
Welsh to English
Help / Cymorth
A comprehensive print-out
The best of the rest for learning Welsh
A Window into Welsh. Have trouble understanding Welsh on the web?
Here's the answer.
Sites in Welsh for your kids
Celtiaid yr Oes Haearn
About the BBC
Privacy & Cookies Policy