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16 October 2014
BBC - Catchphrase - Ysbyty Brynaber - week38
Week 38 - Main grammatical points
Gwell i fi
Brian says to Agnes over the phone: Gwell i fi fynd
Gwell i fi - I'd better
Note the full pattern
Gwell i fi
Gwell i ti
Gwell i Rhodri
Gwell iddo fe or Gwell iddo fo
Gwell iddi hi
Gwell i ni
Gwell i chi
Gwell iddyn nhw
Don't confuse this pattern with Mae'n well da fi or Mae'n well gen i which means I prefer.
Mae'n well da fi ddarllen
I prefer reading
Basai'n well da fi or Basai'n well gen i means I would prefer
Basai'n well da fi fynd ar y trênI would prefer to go on the train
Let's look at the forms efallai perhaps and er - although. They are both followed by the same construction.
With the present tense bod is used
Efallai bod yn rhaid imi werthu'r cwch
Perhaps Ill have to sell the boat
Efallai fy mod i'n dwp.
Perhaps I'm stupid.
Er ei bod hi'n dawel mae hi'n boblogaidd iawn.
Although she's quiet, she's very popular
Er ei fod yn hen mae e'n dal i ymarfer.
Although he's old he still exercises.
With past tenses bod wedi follows efallai and er
Efallai fy mod i wedi anghofio
Perhaps I'd forgotten
Er fy mod i wedi ffonio'n aml doedd dim ateb
Although I have phoned often there was no answer.
Note however that when 'efallai' or er is followed by an emphatic
sentence the construction mai or in south Wales taw is used.
Efallai mai gwerthu fyddai orau or Efallai taw gwerthu fyddai orau.
Perhaps that selling would be best.
Er mai dim ond deuddeg oed ydy hi or Er taw dim ond deuddeg oed ydy hi
Although she's only twelve years of age.
In Welsh the definite article - the is always used.
This is not always the case in English.
Mae e yn yr ysbyty is what we say in Welsh whereas in English the article is omitted
He's in hospital
Mynd i'r gwely
To go to bed
Dod o'r ysgol - to come from school
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